Diarrhoea is one of the major global health problems and a leading cause of death in the world. In children under five, it is the second leading cause of death globally. It has negative economic and health ramifications and has long been proven to also have long-term effects, such as stunted growth and cognitive development. Diarrhoea is usually induced by different types of bacterial, viral and parasitic organisms that cause infections. And infections are mainly spread as a result of poor hygiene.
One of the simplest ways to prevent the spread of infections, such as diarrhoea, is simply handwashing with soap. But global handwashing rates are generally low, due to several factors that demote hygiene standards. Changing people’s handwashing and hygiene behaviour can be a challenging task. Additionally, many rural areas don’t have running water and lack relevant facilities. So although diarrhoea is a medical problem, it does not necessarily need a medical solution. Simple interventions can help solve issues like poor hygiene. One such intervention is the Tippy Tap.
The Tippy Tap is a low cost and simple outdoor device that allows people to wash their hands in areas where there is no piped water. Only using a small number of materials, this hands-free handwashing solution has also managed to improve hygiene awareness. It is operated by foot and therefore reduces bacterial transmission. Because all materials can be sourced locally, the Tippy Tap is inexpensive. It is also quite simple to build, so it can easily be assembled by children.
Research shows that, in combination with schooling on hygiene habits, the Tippy Tap is more effective than other interventions. Several studies confirm the positive impact this device had on communities. In communities that use the Tippy Tap, rates of handwashing with soap increased, especially in children. And follow up research has established that the hands-free taps are still being used months later.
Various organisations from different sectors have been using the Tippy Tap. WaterAid, who focuses on access to clean water, decent toilets and hygiene help people integrate Tippy Taps into their everyday life. EduKaid, who aims to improve education in rural Tanzania, uses glitter when teaching children about the hands-free device. The glitter represents bacteria that, although you can’t see it, is difficult to get rid of. Although CoolEarth works in the environmental sector they also implement the Tippy Tap because “healthy families mean healthy forests.”
Check out tippytap.org for a great manual on how to build your own or look at the different pamphlets, posters (in various languages) and accommodating hand washing songs they have to help NGOs and non-profit organisations to implement this intervention.
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America Adapts is produced and hosted by climate change adaptation expert Doug Parsons. In each episode, Parson’s talks to scientists, journalists, activist, policymakers and climate heroes about the challenges of adapting to climate change and they discuss approaches that they believe are already working.
The podcast is, as its name suggests, focused on the US and the nation's journey in dealing with climate change, but it's very informative and inspiring for everyone around the world.
Episode tip: #75 in which Doug Parsons attends a town hall meeting with women, LGBTQ+ people, and people of colour about fighting climate change. He goes to Africatown to learn about the relationship between racism and environmental collapse and talks to a protest community that also serves refugees fleeing from climate change-related disasters.
Great episode to hear from people who aren’t visible in mainstream media despite being on the frontlines of the battle against climate change.
Climate Cash is a three-episode long podcast series by the Australian branch of the World Wildlife Foundation. The Foundation’s Conservation Director Dr. Gilly Llewellyn talks to experts from the public and private sectors, community leaders, and government workers about the threats climate change poses to South East Asia and the Pacific region.
They also discuss what Australia can do to reverse the negative consequences of climate collapse.
Climate Conversations is a podcast produced by MIT Climate. MIT Climate is Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s hub for all the scientific work being done on climate change across the university. They describe it as “a place for worldwide discussion and learning”.
With MIT Climate, the institute aims to “to connect questions to answers, research to solutions, and knowledge to action.” If you’d like to know what’s happening from a scientific point of view, Climate Conversations makes climate science accessible and easy to understand even for science n00bz like me.
For concise and informative climate change stories NPR’s Climate Cast is the podcast to listen to. Depending on the day and on the guests, episodes go from five minutes to over an hour, so you’ve always got something to listen to, no matter if you’re just brushing your teeth in the morning or you’re on your long commute to work.
Across the pond, Costing the Earth is a BBC podcast about climate change. In their words, the podcast looks at “man's effect on the environment and how [the environment] reacts”. They cover a diverse range of topics from building golf courses on sand dunes to climate changes' effects on human and animal fertility.
My favourite thing about Costing the Earth is that they challenge widely accepted and popular climate change ‘trends’. In the episode ‘Plasticphobia’ for example, the host Tom Heap talks to experts about whether plastic is as bad as popular discourse makes it seem to be.
A personal favourite, Mothers of Invention celebrates feminists that are taking action against climate breakdown across the world.
Hosted by Ireland first female president Mary Robinson and comic Maeve Higgins, Mothers of Invention is funny, informative and inspiring. In each episode, they talk to badass climate heroes like Kenya’s former environment minister Judy Wakhungu and the amazing eco-feminist author, activist, scientific advisor, food sovereignty advocate and seed saver Vandana Shiva.
If you’re looking for something with a bit more of a personal touch, No Place Like Home is a podcast about personal choices people make in the face of future environmental catastrophe.
Host Ashley Ahearn travels across the US and interviews people about their experiences in fighting climate change. These choices cover a literal lifespan from deciding whether to have children or not to composting your body after death.
And if you don't like any of these podcasts, why not set up a podcast yourself? Find out how with our story about citizen audio journalism.
California is experiencing one of the most destructive wildfire seasons on record.
Among the many different factors that led to it, several experts agree that climate change also played a role. Moreover, a major climate assessment by the US government reports that "projected climate changes suggest that western forests in the United States will be increasingly affected by large and intense fires that will occur more frequently."
In other words, we need to act, and we need to act fast. As an editor, I don't have any scientific expertise to offer regarding possible solutions to the climate breakdown. I can just read as many reliable scientific reports as possible.
However, as a communication professional, I can suggest that we need to find new, more effective ways to communicate what's happening to our planet.
In this regard, I recently came across a 2017 column written for The Guardian by environmentalist writer George Monbiot. There, Monbiot argued that "language is crucial to how we perceive the natural world" and that finding better ways of describing nature and our relationships with it means finding better ways to defend it.
Doing some research, I then found out that the Facebook page Solarpunk Anarchist posted a visual summary of George Monbiot's list of alternative terms.
We decided to make a similar summary ourselves and to create some new visual material to support Monbiot's new vocabulary.
Here's our summary:
And here's some additional images:
If you live in a cold climate, "global warming" might even sound appealing. "Global heating" is a better reminder of the potential, destructive consequences that climate breakdown will trigger.
The term "stock" brings to mind a disposable commodity rather than a living population of animals.
As George Monbiot writes "the term 'extinction' conveys no sense of our role in the extermination, and mixes up this eradication with the natural turnover of species. It’s like calling murder "expiration".
If you want to know more terms of George Monbiot's new environmentalist vocabulary follow us on Instagram ❤️
The UN has reported the shocking statistic that 80 percent of people displaced by natural disasters are women. Surely the weather itself doesn’t discriminate, but climate change is more than just an environmental issue, it's a feminist one.
The odds are not in women's favour
Across the globe, women are generally the primary food, water, and fuel providers for their families and communities. More reliant on natural resources for their livelihoods, and more tied down to their homes than men, women have limited physical and economic mobility during climate-related disasters.
An Oxfam report on the tsunami that devastated millions of lives in 2004 found that male survivors outnumbered women by almost three to one in Sri Lanka, Indonesia, and India. Since men are more likely to be able to swim and women lose precious evacuation time looking after children and other relatives, the odds are not in women's favour.
After the first wave of climate disaster, women are hit hardest by secondary impacts. As sources get more and more scarce, the already vulnerable position of women worsens.
Violent incidents against women, such as sexual assault and rape, increase in the wake of natural disasters. After disasters such as droughts, women are exposed to more dangers on the road as they need to walk further for water.
Economic implications of natural disasters are also worse women and girls. Following the Fiji floods in 2012, evidence suggested that girls were taken out of school to care for younger children or to make extra cash through sex work.
After these catastrophes, almost all of the available jobs are in industries such as rebuilding and construction, which are traditionally male-dominated. Thus, whilst men get the chance to rebuild their lives and communities, women struggle to find any stable source of income as their agricultural trade is wiped out unpredictably.
Women experience the consequences of climate change more severely than men, but they are excluded from climate politics and decision-making. The average representation of women in governments and organisations tackling climate change is below 30 percent.
However, the UN has recently recognised in the Paris Agreement that women’s empowerment is critical for effective climate policy and there is a new (overdue) focus on the increased participation of women in government at global, national, and local levels. Women’s voices need to be heard in order to achieve sustainable change. Climate change affects the whole population, we can’t neglect half of it.
These charitable organisations are aware of the problem and working to solve it:
- MicroLoan Foundation provides women in sub-Saharan Africa with the tools and skills they need to help ensure financial stability. Financial independence makes women less vulnerable to the impact of climate change. Out of the 150,000 women they worked with, 97 percent of the women have started saving money.
- International Women's Development Agency (IWDA) promote women's leadership and participation in political, economic, and social life to advance systemic change in gender equality. So far IWDA has helped 848 women assume leadership positions.